Home Overview Quick©ite Tools Essentials Writing Electronic sources Plagiarism Doctor ©ite On©ite reporter
Quick Links
"A truly great library contains something in it to offend everyone." Jo Godwin


Abbreviation    Short for What it means When to use it
[...] ellipses material that has been omitted when quoting someone's words when removing irrelevant material
a.m. ante meridiem before noon a time between midnight and midday
anon anonymous author is unknown
c., ca. circa date is approximate
ch., chs. chapter, chapters
conf. conference
e.g., eg example
ed., eds. editor, editors
et al. et alii and others
fig. figure when referring to a graph or image
ibid. ibidem in the same work, cited just above citing the same source as the one immediately above
i.e. id est in other words
loc. cit. loco citato in the place (or work) cited
n.d. no date date is unknown
op. cit. opere citato in the work cited citation comes from a previously cited source
p.m. post meridiem after noon a time between midday and midnight
p., pp. page, pages when giving page numbers
proc. proceedings
rev. revised
[sic] An error in a quotation Latin for 'thus' directly following the incorrect material
suppl. supplement
trans. translated when acknowledging the translator
v.,vol.,vols. volume, volumes