APA (American Psychological Association) 6th is an author-date referencing style where you have an in-text citation and a related entry in a reference list at the end of your document.
APA 6th - scholarly journal article
For electronic articles include the DOI number (Digital Object Identifier) if available. The format for a doi is either: doi:10.1080/1057356030207 OR http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057356030207
If there is no DOI use the URL (web address) of the original journal homepage (not the database url or pdf url).
If there is no year of publication use the abbreviation (n.d.) for no date.
Add a reference list at the end of your essay, citing all sources used in the body of your writing. The reference list should be in alphabetical order by the first author's surname.
When you use another person’s ideas or words in your text include the author’s name and publication date.
If you use the author’s name as part of a sentence, include the date of publication in brackets.
See also: more on paraphrasing ...
Direct quotes of less than 40 words require quotation marks and the page number/s.
- ... the results show that "sleepiness seems to be a very underrated factor in accidents" (Leger, 1994, p. 91).
- Leger (1994) stated that "sleepiness seems to be a very underrated factor in accidents" (p. 91).
- Picard, Tempere, de Revel, and Marchand, (2015) observe that "the sense of taste relies heavily on smell" (p. 13).
- ... and it was found that "the sense of taste relies heavily on smell" (Picard, Tempere, de Revel, & Marchand, 2015, p. 13).
This material is based on the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (2010), the APA style guide to electronic references (2012) and the APA style blog. For further information, please consult the manuals directly.