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Chicago - lecture or speech

Chicago (footnote & bibliography) style uses in-text citations, footnotes and a bibliography. The advice on QuickCite follows Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) guidance for referencing using shortened footnotes with a full bibliography.

If your work does not require a full bibliography, or your lecturer requires the full footnote style, please see the Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) for appropriate footnote formats.

In-text citations

Add a superscript number in your text to show when you are using another person's ideas or words. 

... as described by Cowan, this has only recently been identified.

Footnotes and bibliography

The in-text citation directs the reader to a note (footnote) at the bottom of the page. The footnote contains information about the source you are citing. When citing the same source again, use the shorter footnote format.

Footnotes are placed in numerical order at the bottom of the page. On a new page, footnote numbering continues. In a new chapter, footnote numbering starts from 1.

Add a full bibliography to the end of your essay. This is a list of all sources cited in your work (except personal communications), plus any appropriate background readings not cited, arranged alphabetically by the author's last name. 

The first line of each reference should be aligned with the left margin. Second and subsequent lines should be indented three spaces (0.3cm).

Please see the Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) if your work does not require a full bibliography.

For electronic sources add either the Digital Object Identifier (DOI), e.g., doi:10.1080/1057356030207 OR; the stable URL; or the database name at the end of the bibliographic reference.

Verbal address

Unpublished lecture notes

Citing the same source again

Bibliography for the Chicago section of Referen©ite

The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.

For further information please consult this source directly.

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